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29 October 2022 marks the 99th anniversary of the foundation of the Republic of Turkey proclaimed by the Grand National Assembly of Turkey.

In the aftermath of the First World War, the Turkish nation launched the National War of Liberation in Samsun on 19 May 1919, under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal, to save their country from foreign invaders. Following the Battle of Dumlupınar, on 30 August 1922, and thereafter the conclusion of the Lausanne Treaty on 24 July 1923, the boundaries of the new Turkish state were established and its independence was proclaimed.

These developments were crowned by the establishment of the Republic of Turkey on 29 October 1923. In line with the principle of “sovereignty rests unconditionally with the nation”, the road was paved for the realization of the political rights of the people, for putting the pluralistic democracy into force and carrying out reforms for modernization efforts.

As the Center for Eurasian Studies (AVİM), we remember once again our martyrs and veterans, Ghazi Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and his fellow fighters, with respect and deepest gratitude, and would like to wish you a happy 29 October Republic Day.