Uluslararası Suçlar ve Tarih / International Crimes and History - Sayı / Issue: 17

Uluslararası Suçlar ve Tarih / International Crimes and History

Number : 17
Year : 2016
Price : 17.00 TL

Editor's Note

The Balkans has been at the intersection of various migration routes
throughout history; different peoples have left their footmarks on
the Balkan soil throughout their journeys. These peoples uprooted,
swallowed, or mixed with other groups, or they were assimilated by
them in a process that eventually led to the emergence of new ethnonational
and ethno-religious identities over time. As a result of these
intense, centuries long, continuous, contingent, and casual interactions,
the Balkans became one of the most ethnically diverse geographies in the
world.


Population movements and interactions do not occur in a vacuum. They
both affect and are affected by the socio-political context. Between the
15th and 19th centuries, population movements and interactions took
place within the context of the imperial rules, particularly the rule of the
Ottoman Empire. By the beginning of the 19th century, empires began
to collapse, giving way to nation-states as new and novel political
formations. Within a hundred years or so, the social, economic, and
political landscape of the Balkans transformed dramatically. During this
period, conflicts and clashes led to voluntary or forced migrations in
various forms, which significantly transformed the ethno-demographic
structure of the peninsula. During World War II and the following Cold
War era, population movements were also witnessed albeit in smaller
scales. The end of the Cold War was followed by merciless ethnic
clashes that also resulted in changes in the ethno-demographic structure
of the peninsula as a consequence of massacres, and voluntary or forced
migrations. Today, the Balkans is a transit route of a huge migration
wave from the Middle East (particularly from Syria), which renders it a
stage for tragic scenes.


The 17th issue of International Crimes and History focuses on this
geography, which is still dominated by complex political and social
dynamics.


The article titled Panslavizmin Çarlık Rusyası’nın ve Sovyetler
Birliği’nin Balkan Politikaları Üzerindeki Etkisi (The Influence of
Panslavism in Tsarist Russia’s and Soviet Union’s Balkan Policies)
written by Ali Asker and Merve Özel Özcan analyzes Panslavism which
is one of the most important currents in the Russian history of thought.
This study, which addresses the historical development, transformation,
impact and results of Panslavism, provides the readers with a historical
analysis about the place and function of Panslavism in the Russian
foreign policy on the Balkans and contemporary Russian nationalism.

Cengiz Haksöz’s article titled The Making of the Rhodopean Borders
and Constructıon of the Pomak Identities in the Balkans analyzes the
identity formation of the Pomaks, a Slavic-speaking Muslim community,
within its relationality with Bulgarian, Greek and Turkish nation
building processes. Within this framework, Haksöz elaborates on the
formation of borders in the Rhodopes and how formation of borders
affected the making of the identities of Pomaks in Bulgaria, Greece and
Turkey.


During the dissolution of Yugoslavia in 1990’s, a tragic period of
conflicts and massacres with great humanitarian tragedies took place.
The fact that communities that once lived together or side by side later
engaged in destructive and bloody conflicts is an historical process that
should be analyzed and taken lessons from. İbrahim Fevzi Güven, in his
article titled Yugoslavya’nın Dağılması Bağlamında Josip Broz Tito ve
Slobodan Miloseviç’in Söylem ve Politikalarının İncelenmesi
(Examination of the Discourses and the Politics of Josip Broz Tito and
Slobodan Milosevic in the Context of the Dissolution of Yugoslavia),
comparing the attitude and policies of two Yugoslavian leaders Tito and
Milosevic, examines the dissolution of Yugoslavia and analyzes how the
different ideologies and policies of the two leaders influenced the fate of
Yugoslavia.


Russia’s annexation of Crimea consequenced by the emergence of one
of the most significant international law and foreign policy issues after
NATO’s Kosovo intervention. Russia tries to legitimize its policy of
invasion by citing NATO’s intervention in Kosovo. Abdullah Tunç and
Hamdi Fırat Büyük, in their study titled Kosova ve Kırım Vakalarının
Uluslararası Hukuk Perspektifinden Karşılaştırmalı Bir Analizi (A
Comparative Analysis of Kosovo and Crimea Cases from an
International Law Perspective), address the Kosovo intervention and the
annexation of Crimea with reference to international law, and their
historical, demographical and political aspects, and analyze similarities
and differences of the two events. Ultimately, Tunç and Büyük reveal the
basic differences between two cases, and demonstrate that the Kosovo
case can not be a precedent for the annexation of Crimea.

In addition to this studies that focus on the Balkans, the present issue of
International Crimes and History also includes Teoman Ertuğrul Tulun’s
study titled The Fabricated Pontus Narrative and Hate Speech, which
addresses the “Pontian Genocide” narrative that has been voiced since
the end of the 1980s. This study, which is based on a comparative
analysis of Greek and Turkish sources, points to hate speech that is
integral to the “Pontian Genocide” narrative.


Lastly, Şükrü Elekdağ’s report titled 81. Yılında Montrö Sözleşmesi’nin
Karşılaştığı Güvenlik Sorunları ve Sözleşmenin Feshi ve Tadili İçin
Girişimler Vukuunda Karşılaşılacak Senaryoların Analizi (Security
Issues Faced by the Montreux Convention and the Analysis of Possible
Scenarios in The Event of Attempts for the Annulment and Amendment
of the Convention) analyzes current security issues faced by the
Montreux Convention and possibilities that Turkey may encounter in
the event of the cancelation or amendment of the Montreux Convention
in recent times of striking geopolitical developments in the Black Sea
basin.
 

Index
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